Effective January 23, 2017, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) approved the background check purchase exemption from the Brady Handgun Violence Protection Act for South Dakota Gold Card Permits and Enhanced Permits issued on or after 1/1/2017. Beginning January 1, 2017, the criteria for the background check changed to include federal disqualifiers under 18 U.S.C. 922(g) or (n). This is outlined in South Dakota Codified Law 23-7-54. As these requirements were not part of the FBI fingerprint background checks completed prior to 1/1/2017, ATF will not approve the background check purchase exemption for Enhanced Permits issued prior to this date.